How's your FICO Score?
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Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number. The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. . While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors in building a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is a single number: your credit score. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers will probably find their credit scores above 620.
Your FICO score affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is based on your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You should remove any incorrect data from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must obtain your score and ensure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO credit score, offers scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide information and online tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Call us: 214-383-9400.